Tin - Element Information, Facts, Symbol, Properties, And Uses

September 20, 2022 Tin chemical

Tin is one of the chemical elements widely used across different industries, including the food Industry.

It belongs to the Carbon family. The Tin element is soft and silvery white in appearance with a slight bluish tinge. Tin is counted among the scarce details. It is found naturally in the igneous rocks in the Earth’s crust. It primarily appears as stannic oxide, and the Tin metal is obtained after a reduction process.

Facts about Tin:

- Its atomic number is 50

- Sn is the atomic symbol for Tin

- The density of the Tin element is 7.287 gm/cm3

- It appears in solid form at room temperature

- The melting point is 231.93 Degrees Celsius and the boiling point is 2602 Degrees Celsium

Tin Properties:

- Tin is a malleable element that accounts for its wide usage in Tin plating.

- Tin does not react with Oxygen and water at ambient temperature, making it suitable for corrosion-resistant applications.

- On exposure to Oxygen at high temperatures, a thin layer of Stannous Oxide is formed on the tin element.

- Tin exists in the form of two allotropes – white Tin and grey tin. The grey form can be converted to white Tin at high temperatures.

- Tin element has two oxidation states which are +4 and +2.

- There are ten stable isotopes with different percentages of Tin in them.

Tin Uses:

- Tin coating on different elements is widely used owing to its corrosion resistance.

- The low melting point and the high magnetic strength make it suitable for soldering steel.

- Tin is used to manufacture alloys such as Copper and Bronze.

- It is widely used in the glass and ceramics industry as a reducing and dyeing agent.

- Tin is used as an anti-fouling agent in the shipping industry.

- Stannous Chloride is used in Textile application as Mordant.

- Stannous Sulphate is used in Cement Application for Chrome Reducer.

- The food industry is a leading application of Tin where it is used to manufacture containers.

- Tin is used in manufacturing Li-ion batteries.

- Ti Oxide with a +4 oxidation state is used as a mild abrasive to make ceramic bodies opaque.

- Tin Oxide is also used in fabrics as a weighting agent.

- Organic Tin compounds are widely used as stabilizers in many plastic and wood preservatives.

- Biocides and fungicides are other leading uses of organic Tin compounds.


Tin element has extended use across different industries, which makes it very valuable. Tin element is used in various oxidation states and forms. The tin metal should be stored at a specific temperature for optimum results.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Tin - Element Information, Facts, Symbol, Properties, And Uses :

Q1. What type of metal is tin?

A. It is a soft, silvery white metal with a bluish tinge, known to the ancients in bronze, an alloy with copper.

Q2. How was tin named?

A. Name derives from Anglo-saxon tin. Symbol sn is derived from latin stannum for alloys containing lead. Element was known in prehistoric time.

Q3. What is tin made of?

A. Tin goes through a two-stage process to become a usable metal. First it is smelted from its source minerals at temperatures up to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. The result is a low-purity material that is then refined by boiling, liquation, or electrolysis. The other byproduct of tin smelting is carbon dioxide.